Arteries, veins and capillaries are part of the complete circulatory system. Out of the three, the capillaries are the smallest. Capillaries are found below the upper layer of skin or epidermis. They are small in size but they have a vital function in the circulatory system. Essentially, they are responsible for connecting the arteries to the veins and it is through the capillaries where various exchange processes takes place such as delivery of nutrients present in blood to the cells and tissues while accumulated wastes are being collected.
The wall of the capillaries is very thin which makes it possible for interchanging the nutrients and wastes. The walls of the capillaries are very delicate and thin and they are susceptible to slight stress and trauma since they are found below the surface of the skin.
A broken capillary is easily noticeable on the surface of the skin. They look like red crooked lines and very visible among fair-skinned people. The face is the most exposed area of the body and capillaries on these areas can be easily damaged especially those that are found on the nose that break easily.
Causes of broken capillaries on the nose
- Drinking alcohol can cause the dilation of the blood vessels while moving through them. Too much dilation can cause breakage of the capillaries and this is the reason why the face and nose become flushed when an individual drinks large amounts of alcohol.
- An atmospheric temperature that is too hot or cold cannot be tolerated by the capillaries. When entering a room where the temperature is hot, it will cause the capillaries to expand and repeated expansion and contraction will weaken the capillary walls where they eventually break and open.
- A chronic skin disease known as rosacea that affects the face as well as the cheeks, forehead and the nose. With this condition, the capillaries dilate and break and acne will gradually develop on the nose along with hypertrophy of the nasal skin. Among men, the nose becomes red and enlarged with widened pores. Take note that telangiectasia rosacea on the nose is an unusual feature of broken capillaries on the nose.
- Smoking can also cause the fragile capillaries on the nose to break while a deficiency of vitamin C can cause the rupture of the capillaries on the nose as well.
Treatment and home remedies of broken capillaries on the nose
- Encourage a diet that includes simple and light foods.
- Avoid eating foods that causes flushing of face and nose such as tea, alcohol, coffee and spicy foods.
- Stop smoking.
- Eat foods that are packed with vitamin C, green leafy vegetables and fruits such as oranges, strawberry and lemon.
- Wash the face using a mild and chemical-free soap.
- Massage the nose using essential oils such as chamomile, peppermint, rose and rosemary.
- Use Vitamin K serum in order to prevent capillary damage. All you have to do is apply over the nose to minimize the appearance of broken capillaries on nose.