Sprain and Fracture

How to treat leg spasms

Leg spasms or muscle cramps are involuntary contraction of muscles in the thigh, calf and the feet. Cramps affects the skeletal muscles especially the quadriceps, hamstring and the calf areas. The leg spasms can range from mild to moderate pain and can last only for a few seconds or several minutes. Causes of leg spasms Leg spasms can be caused ... Read More »

How to treat a fractured sternum

A fractured sternum or sternal fracture happens when there is a crack or break in the breastbone or sternum. The sternum is a vertical bone found in the center of the chest together with 12 ribs which forms the anterior part of the chest. The sternum together with the ribs to which it is connected forms an enclosure for the ... Read More »

How to deal with a hamstring strain

A hamstring strain causes a sudden sharp pain that can be felt at the back of the thigh. Athletes playing football, soccer, basketball, runners and also skaters are susceptible to this condition. A hamstring is a group of 4 muscles found along the back of the thigh which allow bending the leg at the knee. A hamstring strain occurs when ... Read More »

Treatment for a bruised sternum

A sternum is a bone along with the ribs function that serves as a protector of the anterior chest area. A severe blow, trauma or injury to the front area of the chest causes bruises on the sternum. A bruised sternum usually heals in about 4-6 weeks but depends on the severity of the condition. Symptoms of a bruised sternum ... Read More »

Broken hand

The hand is a complex part of the human anatomy and it is composed of 27 bones including bones found in the wrist. A broken hand can be due to injuries at home or in the workplace. Broken bones on the hands can be caused by a direct blow such as fractures of the fingertips, broken knuckles and fractures of ... Read More »

Rotator cuff injury

The rotator cuff is comprised of a group of tendons and muscles that border the joint of the shoulder and keeps the arm bone tightly within the shallow socket of the shoulder. The rotator cuff has four muscles that helps in the movement of the shoulder and maintain stability of the joint. The four muscles are the subscapularis, supraspinatus, infraspinatus ... Read More »

Torn meniscus

A torn meniscus is damage from a tear in the cartilage that is located on top of the tibia and makes the femur glide when the joint of the knee moves. The tears are described by where they are found anatomically in the C-shape and in their appearance such as “bucket handle”, “parrot beak”, transverse and longitudinal tear. A torn ... Read More »

Sore calf muscle

The calf muscle can be found at the back of the lower leg and can become strained or pulled by engaging in excessive physical activities, overuse or a direct blow to the leg. It can also be caused by exposure to cold weather, stress, and deficiency in vitamins. Performing stretching before exercise sometimes helps in preventing a sore muscle calf. ... Read More »

Broken collarbone

A broken collarbone is a common injury that usually occurs in children and young adults. The collarbone or clavicle attaches the upper part of the sternum or the breastbone to the shoulder blade. Injuries to the collarbone can be caused by sports injuries, a fall on the shoulder and vehicular accidents. In most cases, a broken collarbone heals with the ... Read More »

Sprained wrist


A sprained wrist is an injury that affects the ligaments, muscles, tendons and soft tissues found around a joint. This injury usually involves the ligaments that are made out of connective tissues that functions in connecting two or more bones. It is important to note that a sprained wrist is a common injury in the hand. This injury can occur ... Read More »