Management of anal fissures

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Anal fissures make reference to tiny cuts on the anal region, and are often very painful. Despite the fact that they will often heal in a relatively short while, most patients will find that the pain can make bathroom visits unbearable. It is for this reason that this article highlights ways to manage the condition. It is important to mention that if you experience the symptoms associated with fissures, you must see your physician as this could be indicative of severe underlying conditions; in which case if such a condition is not addressed it could easily cause the fissure not to heal. Listed below are some of the treatment options for individuals suffering from anal fissures.

  • Treatments that work through the softening of stool are in the first line of treatment as they will reduce the pain and lessen the discomfort that is associated with passing stool with such a condition. Laxatives are a type of medication that softens stools, and they are available in two options. For adults, the most common type of laxative provided is that which aids in the retention of fluid within stool thus making them softer and hence easier to pass. In children, the preferred mode of action of the laxatives is different. Osmotic laxatives function by raising the amount of fluid in the stool within the colon so that the patient gets the urge to defecate. Usually, your physician will carry out dosage adjustment so that they are able to determine what works best for different individuals.
  • Addition of fiber is yet another treatment option for anal fissures that works wonders. Fiber will increase the bulkiness of stool so that it becomes easy to pass. Some of the foods which are high in fiber and which patients with this condition must add to their diets include: brown rice, oats, vegetables and fruits, grains as well as seeds. If one must take bread, ensure that it is wholegrain bread. It is recommended that an adult has at least 20 grams of fiber on a daily basis. To help figure this out, use the nutritional information that is located on the packaging of the food. Take note however, that the addition of fiber must be done gradually, especially if one was not used to this as the sudden influx of the same will cause bloating.
  • The consumption of water cannot be underestimated when it comes to the management of anal fissures as this ensures that stool does not harden. Six to eight glasses of water that are regularly spaced within 24 hours will go a long way in managing this condition. In addition to taking enough water, make sure that you exercise regularly to promote regular bowel movements.

It is vital for patients suffering from anal fissures to avoid irritating the anal area as this only makes it more painful. In line with this, wipes will usually work very well when wiping the area after defecation. Make sure that you go for unscented wipes to avoid irritation. If this is not possible, use soft brands of toilet tissue paper.

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