Inflammation of the bronchial passages can cause upper respiratory symptoms such as cough and breathlessness. The bronchial passages are made of soft bronchial tubes and this is the tube responsible for ventilating air in and out of the lungs.
Inflammation of the bronchial passages can be caused by bacteria and virus. Oftentimes, it can also be triggered by environmental factors such as exposure to pollution in the air. In most cases, there is congestion of mucus in the bronchial tree caused by the inflammation.
Treatment and home remedies of inflamed bronchial passages
- Inhaling steam is an effective way of getting relief from bronchial congestion. Inhale the steam made out of herbs such as coltsfoot since it provides a relaxing effect on all stages of bronchitis. Prepare a teaspoon of chamomile, thyme and marjoram to 3-4 cups of boiling water and instruct the individual to inhale the steam. A few drops of essential oil such as eucalyptus and peppermint oil can also be added to the steam. Drape a towel over the head of the individual while he/she inhales the steam.
- Drink plenty of fluids since it helps in liquefying the mucus and makes it easier for the body to expel the liquefied mucus and free the air passage. Drink 7-8 glasses of water every day with fruit juice and vegetable juice in between. Take note that they both contain water, vitamins and minerals which are important for the immune system of the body in minimizing infections and inflammations.
- Get plenty of rest for fast recovery from the condition.
- Encourage the individual to engage in some exercises.
- Avoid suppressing the cough since it is a natural way of the body in expelling mucus that has accumulated in the respiratory tract. The elimination of mucus can make breathing easier.
- Perform deep breathing exercises since it helps open up the bronchioles that are blocked.
- If there are traces of blood found in the mucus, seek medical help immediately.
- Avoid breathing in secondhand smoke and avoid staying outdoors when the level of pollution in the air is high. Always wear a face mask if working with chemicals or other irritants.
- Place a warm, moist cloth or a hot water bottle on the chest and back in order to help minimize the inflammation and helps promote better sleep at night.
- The individual should cover his/her mouth and the nose using a scarf if going out in cold air since the cold air can make the condition worse.
- Install a humidifier or vaporizer in order to add moisture in the air. These can help loosen up secretions and makes breathing easier.
- Avoid using cough suppressants since there is a need to cough in order to eliminate the secretions.
- Take vitamin supplements such as vitamin A and C.
- Avoid consuming mucus-forming foods such as white flour, sweet fruits, dairy products, sugar as well as substances that can trigger allergic reactions.