Preventing Disease Transmission

Oral thrush

Oral thrush develops due to the overproduction of fungus known as Candida albicans which is form of yeast. It looks like white creamy spots that occur in the tongue, mouth and the cheeks. They are very painful and bleed when lightly scratched. Candida albicans is usually found in the mouth and can be controlled from spreading by healthy bacteria. Sometimes, ... Read More »

Dog bites

Animal bites are frequent occurrence anywhere annually and children are more susceptible to animal bites than adults and the most prevalent are dog bites. The common complication of animal bites is infection of the skin and rabies. By knowing how to clean and care for a bite caused by dogs, the high risk for potential complications can be minimized. Treatment ... Read More »

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease

Hand-foot-and-mouth diseases is a mild and but high communicable viral infection that is usually common in young children where they can have sores in the mouth and rashes can develop on the hands as well as the feet. Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is caused by coxsackievirus. Symptoms Sore throat A feeling of being sick or malaise Fever Causes irritation in infants and ... Read More »

How to manage a person with diphtheria

Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease that is caused by toxin-producing bacteria known as corynebacterium diphtheria. It affects the mucus lining of the upper respiratory tract, usually the tonsils, throat and the nose. A characteristic mark of diphtheria is the thick grey-coated layer found at the back of the throat. If this layer is removed, it will bleed. The bacteria ... Read More »

How to treat tick bites

Ticks are small spiderlike insects that bite by fastening themselves into the skin and feed on blood. Ticks live in the fur and feathers of birds and animals and often bite during early spring to late summer and thrive in areas where there are many wild animals and birds. Some ticks do not carry diseases but it is important to ... Read More »

Treatment for bedbugs

Bedbugs feed on human blood. The color of bedbugs is reddish brown, oval and flat like the size of the seeds of an apple. During day time, bedbugs hide in the cracks and crevices of the beds, headboards, box springs and frames of beds. When it comes to bedbug bites, it is important that you know how to manage them. ... Read More »

First Aid Management for Enterovirus 71

Enterovirus 71

An outbreak of enterovirus 71 occurs widely in the United States, Cambodia, Hungary, Asia and Bulgaria. The disease can easily spread and can result in a death toll among children. The enterovirus 71 infection is a form of a hand, foot and mouth disease which commonly affects children who are less than 11 years old. Learning how to prevent the ... Read More »

Cataracts: Types, Risk Factors, Symptoms and Treatment


A cataract is defined as the clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye. This affects the vision by giving the sight a seemingly fogged-up or frosty vision. Cataracts progress gradually and do not usually disrupt eyesight at an early age. However, when it has developed, it will disturb vision significantly. This clouded vision can make an otherwise easy ... Read More »

First Aid for Cold sores

cold sores

Also known as herpes simplex, cold sores are viral infections affecting the lips, mouth and the nose. The infection may cause pain and fluid filled blisters. The infection affects the skin and the nervous system as well. The infection is caused by the virus, herpes simplex 1 and it often does not lead to any potentially life-threatening or severe effects. ... Read More »

How to Reduce the Risk of Infection

First Aid and CPR Gloves

While providing a casualty with first aid, consider safety first and make sure it is safe for you to perform first aid. Additionally, you must also make sure that the casualty is not harmed any further as well, as some injuries make victims more susceptible to infection. While making sure you are safe from infection, you must also ensure that ... Read More »